Was inaugurated yesterday in Rome at the Vittoriano (Piazza Venezia), for the celebrations made for Holocaust Memorial Day, the exhibition “The Nazi ghettos” housed in the Central Hall until March 4.
The exhibition, curated by Marcello Pezzetti, will trace the history of the Nazi ghettos in Poland, from 1939 to 1944: their creation, the daily life within them, hunger, disease, violence, forced labor, deportation, resistance, the final settlement.
A wooden fence with a barbed wire and a wall taller than six feet occupy the heart of the central hall of the Vittoriano in Rome. They are there to witness the nightmare they lived hundreds of thousands of Jewish ghettoized. Yes, because the first concentration camps were the Nazi ghettos the symbol of anti-Semitism, the barrier that separated the Jews from the rest of society.
The trip is within those barbed fences or walls that have interpreted the “quarantine zones” or “epidemic” of more than 400 ghettos in Poland emerged after the conquest of territory by Germany.
What was life like in these places separate from the world? At the extreme of indecency between regulations, restrictions, abuse and forced labor. They are shown for the first time color graphics that testify to the productivity level of the ghettos. Ghettos as a propaganda tool used to demonstrate the inferiority of the race. The exception is the case of Theresienstadt, 60 kilometers from Prague, which was called by Hitler the “model ghetto”, where reigned a propaganda different: they wanted to show people that the Jews during the war were of the privileged, who could also play football.
The exhibition describe one of the darkest moments of our recent history through artifacts, newspapers, photographs, documents and videos, from public and private institutions and international museums and archives: United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, Washington; Ghetto Fighters House, Galilee; Stowarzyszenie Zydowska Instytut, Warsaw; Vachem Yad, Jerusalem, Bundesarchiv Berlin, just to name a few.