Ariccia, or simply Riccia or A Riccia, in the Castelli Romani (Roman Hills) dialect, is a delightful town on the ruins of the previous founded Aricia in an undefined period, certainly before Rome: the seventeenth-century researcher Filippo Cluverio assumed (we do not know with what foundation) the date of 2752 BC. Aricia then was one of the leading exponents of the Latin League in ancient times. Over the centuries the territory was an important economic center because crossed by the ancientAppian Way. Countless people have followed in the domination of Ariccia, from the Visigoths of Alaric to the rich and noble Chigi family.
In the high Middle Ages, the city declined and progressively disappeared, only to be reborn at the end of the fifteenth century under the domination of the Savelli family.
In 1661 Ariccia became a feud of the Chigi who made the city a place of extraordinary interest with beautiful monumental buildings like the Palazzo Chigi commissioned to Gian Lorenzo Bernini. The palace forms the scenic backdrop of the monumental Piazza di Corte and the Collegiate of Santa Maria Assunta, designed also by Bernini, and is complemented by the picturesque Parco Chigi.
The Palazzo was the Chigi’s summer residence, in which to stay to escape the heat ofRomeand to be able to provide exciting days of hunting. Inside the palace were filmed the scenes of the famous movie Il Gattopardo.
In 1854 Pope Pius IX inaugurated the Ariccia bridge, the monumental viaduct on Via Appia Nuova.
Today this little and charming town is one of the Castelli Romani most frequented by the Romans to the excellence of its food products, such as his famous Porchetta (roasted pork) that can be eaten at the fraschette (wine cellars) in which the innkeeper hosts the “traveler” by offering its wine sipped while enjoying the famous pork and other typical local delicious specialties at very affordable prices.
Still considered a place of popular Sunday outing, alongside a well-known winemaking tourism and a flourishing wine industry.