April 5 – September 9
The most remarkable achievements of Russian art in the XX century – Cubo-Futurism, with its unique synthesis of European trends of the time, the originality of Abstract art, Constructivism, with its architectural compositions, and Suprematism with its geometric purity – are represented in this single major exhibition: Russian Avant-gardes. Press conference: 4 April 2012.
Tuesday-Sunday: 9.00 am – 7.00 pm;
Last admission 1 hour before closing time;
Closed: Monday, 1 May.
Represents an important monument to the art of this period, especially because it reveals the relationship with Greek art. Consecrated by Augustus in 9 BC, the Ara Pacis (“Altar of Peace”) was erected to celebrate the peace established by him after the wins in Spain and Gaul, who marked the consolidation of authority over the entire Roman Empire . Since 1938 is in Piazza Augusto Imperatore, but originally it was in the Campo Marzio, the Roman quarter to which Augustus wished to entrust his memory over the Ara Pacis, in fact, here he also built his Mausoleum (ie his grave) and a monumental sundial, the Horologium Augusti solarium or (the Egyptian obelisk of Psammetichus II today in Montecitorio Square).
The Ara Pacis is a square enclosure around the altar of sacrifice: the exterior walls are decorated with bas-reliefs depicting the imperial family, priests and officials who attended the consecration ceremony. Other reliefs show instead the legendary origins of Rome.
The altar was used for prayer and sacrifice animals to the gods: their blood had to be washed away from the holy place and this explains the presence of two drainage holes (ie, openings through which you could remove the blood) .